Department of Geography & Environment




Jagannath University

Syllabus of the Department of Geography and Environment


Master of Philosophy

for the

Session: 2014-2015

Published by

The Department of Geography and Environment

Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh


Proposed M.Phil Syllabus for the

Department of Geography and Environment,

Jagannath University, Dhaka

Session: 2014-2015


The M.Phil course in geography and environment shall consist of (i) a written examination on approved courses with viva- voce examination and (ii) submission of a thesis on an approved topic with an oral examination. An examination on the approved courses will be held at the end of the first year, covering 300 marks for three papers (each carrying 100 marks) and 50 marks for viva-voce. The student requires earning minimum GPA 2.75 to complete M.Phil course work. Upon successful completion of the first part, each student has to submit a dissertation at the end of the second year. In the second year, researcher has to present two seminars on his/her research topic, one at the begging and the second one at the end of the research work. The time gap between the first & second semesters must be six months apart.  


Distribution of Marks and Credits







Viva Voce









Course Code

Course Title

Total Credits



Urban Land use and Land policy




Urbanization and Urban Policy




Environmental Analysis and Management




Renewable Energy




Disaster Risk Reduction




Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation




Viva Voce




 GEO-6001: Urban Land Use and Land Policy                  Total Marks-100     Credit -04


1. Principles of Land Use.

2. Classification of Urban Land Use.

3. Models of Urban Land Use.

4. Techniques of Land Use Survey and Mapping.

5. Nature and Determinants of Urban Land Values.

6. Issues in Urban Land Tenure.

7. Urban Land Ownership Pattern.

8. Urban Land Use Controls Regulations.

9. Major Urban Land Use Issues and Challenges in Bangladesh.

10. Urban Land Policy with special reference to Bangladesh.

11. Urban Land Research in Developing and Developed Countries.

12. Role of Urban Land Research Institutions in Developing and Developed Countries.


Suggested Readings  

Chapin F. Stuart, 1965. Urban Landuse Planning, USA: University of Illinois Press

Andrews Richard B. (eds.) 1972. Urban Land Use Policy, NewYork: Collier-Macmillan Limited London.

Ansari Jamal.H. and Nathaniel Von Einsieded (eds.) 1998. Urban Land Management Improving Policies and Practices in Developing Countries of Asia, UNCHS (Habitat)

Islam Nazrul and Amirul Islam Chowdhury, 1990. UrbanLand Management in Bangladesh, Dhaka: GoB.

Islam Nazrul, 1999. Urbanization in Bangladesh and the Growth of Dhaka, Land use, Poverty and Governance, public lecture series -2, Culcutta: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies.

Islam Nazrul, 2000, Urban Land Tenure in Bangladesh and Pakistan, Dhaka: CUS

T.Hussain 1995, Land Rights in Bangladesh-Problems of Management, Dhaka:UPL.


GEO-6002: Urbanization and Urban Policy                   Total Marks-100     Credit -04           

  1. The structural, socio-demographic and geographic concepts of urbanization.
  2. Rapid growth of urban population and the role of migration in the process of urbanization in the developing countries.
  3. The nature of urban economic dualism and the role of the informal sector in Asian cities.
  4. Urban Poverty in Asian Cities: Magnitude Causes and consequences.
  5. Mega Cities: The prospects and problems, and the search for alternatives.
  6. The Role of Secondary cities.
  7. Urban Environment and Sustainability.
  8. Urban Management; Problems and Prospects.
  9. Urban Policy in Some Selected Asian Countries.
  10. Urban Policy in Bangladesh.
  11. Urban Research in Developing Countries: Recent Trends.


Suggested Readings

Ahsan, R.M. 1996. Dhaka Folk Work and Place Urban Studies Programme, Department of Geography, University of Dhaka.

Berry .B.J.L and Harton, F.E. 1990. Geographic Perspectives on Urban System, New Jersey: Prontice-Hall.

Carter, Harold, 1995. The study of Urban Geography, Oxford University press, New York 

Elahi, K.M. and Rumi,S.R.A (eds), 2005. Nagar Bhogul: shamprotik dhara(in bangla) Dhaka, Delta Books.

Islam, N, 1996. Dhaka: From City to Megacity. Dept. Geography and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. 

Islam, Nazrul, 2001. Urbanization, Urban Development, Urban Governance and Planning, Dhaka: CUS.

Johnson, J.W. 1967. Urban Geography. Oxford: pergamon.         

Murphy, R.E. 1974. The American city: An Urban Geography, New York: Mc Graw-Hill

Pacione, Michael, 2001. Urban Geography - A Global Perspectives, London.

Yeates, M.H and Garner, B.J 1971. North American city, New York, Harpar and Row.



GEO-6003: Environmental Analysis and Management Total Marks-100     Credit -04

  1. Environment: An Overview.
  2. Ecosystem Components.
  3. Terrestrial and Aquatic, and their Linkages.
  4. Concepts of Sustainability, Conservation, Risks and Management.
  5. Environmental Quality.
    1. Degradation, Pollution and Control Strategies.
  6. Environmental Impact Assessment.
  7. Environmental Policy and Legislation.
  8. Case Studies of Management Issues.
    1. with special reference to Bangladesh.
    2. Land, Water, Wetlands, Waste, Biodiversity, Global Warming and Sea Level Rise.
  1. Public Participation in Environmental Management.
  2. Gender Perspectives in Environment.
  3. Development and Environment Dichotomy or Complementary.


Suggested Readings

Robinson, R., 1982. Biogeography, ELBS, London.

Barrow, C.J., 2006. Environmental Management for sustainable Development, Routledge, New York. 

Singh, S. 1991. Environmental Geography, Prayag Pustak Bhawan, Allahabad.



 GEO-6004:  Renewable Energy                 Total Marks-100     Credit -04

  1. Resources : Definition , types  and  sources of energy resources.
  2. Energy Resources: Past and future. A brief history of energy consumption (Global, Regional, Bangladesh).  

3.   Trade off between Energy and environment.

4. Renewable energy technologies and potentials.

5. Potentials sources of renewable in Bangladesh.

6. State of energy and power in Bangladesh: supply and demand, power deficit, energy governance.

7. Renewable energy policy of Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Ahmad, Q.K. Azim, M.A. and Mintoo, A.A. (ed.) (2005). Energy Security in Bangladesh, Dhaka: Academic Press and Publisher Library.

Aldo V. da Rosa 2005. “Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes”, Academic Press

Godfrey Boyle 2004, Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future. Oxford University Press.

Hussain, M. 1986. Progress Report: Renewable Energy Research Centre, University of Dhaka, Dhaka.

IDCOL (recently published. Annual Report, Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL), Dhaka.

Kabir, M.H. and Endlicher, W. 2012. Exploitation of Renewable Energy in Bangladesh,

AH Development Publishing House, Dhaka.

REN21 (yearly updates), Renewables Global Status Report: Update (Paris: Renewable Energy Network for 21st Century Secretariat).

John Twidell,Tony Weir, Anthony D. Weir 2005. “Renewable Energy Resources, Taylor & Fran-cis, New York.  



GEO-6005:  Disaster Risk Reduction                      Total Marks-100     Credit -04


1. Concept and basics of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)

2. Understanding disaster, vulnerability and risks

3. Hazard and risk profiles of Bangladesh

3.1 National perspectives of disaster risk reduction in Bangladesh

3.2 Risks reduction methods of major hazards in Bangladesh:

            Flood, Cyclone, Tornado Earthquake, Drought and Landslide

4. Approaches and issues of DRR in Bangladesh

4.1 Urban risk reduction

4.2 Community-based disaster risk reduction

4.3 Crop insurance as risk management strategy

4.4 Disaster education in Bangladesh: opportunities and challenges

4.5 Gender and social exclusion analysis in disaster risk management


Suggested Readings

Shaw, Rajib; Mallick, Fuad Islam,Aminul (eds) 2013. Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches in Bangladesh. Springer. Japan

Wisner, B., Blaikie, P. Cannon, T. and Davis, I., 2004. AT RISK- Natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters. 2nd ed. London and New York: Taylor & Francis.

UNISDR, 2005. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005 – 2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disaster. Extract from the final report of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction.

Younus, M.A.F., 2010. Community-Based Autonomous Adaptation and Vulnerability to Extreme Floods in Bangladesh: Process, Assessment and Failure Effects. Ph.D. thesis. The University of Adelaide.

UNDP, 2009. Comprehensive Disaster Management Plan Phase-II (2010-2014). Dhaka: Ministry of Food and Disaster Management, GoB.

SOD, 2010. Standing Orders on Disaster (Revised). MoFDM, GoB.

MoFDM, 2010. National Plan for Disaster Management 2010-2015, Dhaka: GoB

MoEF,2009. Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, 2009. Dhaka: GoB.

MoEF, 2005. National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). Dhaka: GoB.


GEO-6006:  Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation        

Total Marks-100                                                                                    Credit -04

  1. Climate change- meaning, concepts and historical aspects
  2. Impacts and vulnerability to climate change: Nature, types, sectoral scenarios in Bangladesh
  3. Climate change adaptation: concept and meaning, methods and process of adaptation
  4. Adaptation strategy and action plan in the sectoral level
  5. Climate change mitigation: concepts and process, low carbon approach
  6. Sectoral strategy of mitigation: forest, energy, agricultural, building and cities, water supply , tourism , transportation, waste management etc.
  7. Policy, plan and legal aspects related to  mitigation and adaptation of climate change
  8. International initiatives and measures towards mitigation and adaptation. IPCC Reports, Kyoto Protocol etc.
  9. Climate change mitigation and adaptation practices in Bangladesh

Suggested Readings

Chen, W.Y., Seiner, J., Suzuki, T., Lackner, M. (Eds.) 2012. Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation, Springer Publications.

Sumi, Akimasa, Fukushi, Kensuke, Hiramatsu, Ai (Eds.) 2010.Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change, Springer Publications.

Paula Castro, 2104. Climate Change Mitigation In Developing Countries, University of Zurich, Switzerland

Simin Davoudi, Jenny Crawford, Abid Mehmood, 2009.Planning for Climate Change: Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation for Spatial Planners. Routledge

MoEF, 2009. Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, GoB

MoEF, 2005. National Adaptation Plan of Action, GoB

IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5), 2104. Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, WMO and UNEP

IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGIII AR5), 2013.  Mitigation of Climate Change. WMO and UNEP


GEOV-6007: Viva Voce                                                       Total Marks-50     Credit -02