Department of Geography & Environment


                    Jagannath University


Syllabus of the Department of Geography and Environment







Masters of Science


for the

Session: 2014-2015




Published by

The Department of Geography and Environment

Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh







Department of Geography and Environment

Jagannath University

M.Sc Syllabus for the Session: 2014-2015


The Masters of Science Program in the Department of Geography and Environment will be a one year (two semesters) program carrying 35 credits. The program will consist of two groups:

Group-A (Non-Thesis) and Group-B (Thesis)


The proposed breakdown of courses is as follows:




Group-A (Non-Thesis)

Group-B (Thesis )

1st Semester

Theory course (any four from offered courses)

4x 3=12

4x 3=12

Practical Course (Two)










2nd  Semester

Theory course (any three for the Non-Thesis group and any two for the thesis group from offered courses)


3x 2=6

Practical Course (one)



Research Report






Thesis Viva



General Viva







MSc 1st Semester (15 credits)

Students will choose any four theoretical courses for both Non-Thesis group and thesis group offered by the Department. Practical courses (GEOL-5115, GEOL-5116 and GEOL-5117) are compulsory for both groups.


Course Code

Course Title




Research Methods




Applied Geomorphology




Applied Remote Sensing and GIS




Biodiversity and Its Conservation




Climate Change: Concept and Issues




Advanced Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)




Gender, Development and Environment




Land Use and Land Management




Population and Sustainable Development




Urbanization and Urban System




Water Resources Management




Watershed Hydrology








Disaster Management




Pract-1: Data Analysis: Tools And Techniques




Pract-2: Laboratory Analysis of Environmental Components




MSc 2nd Semester (17 Credits)


Students will choose any three theoretical courses for the non-thesis group and any two for the thesis group offered by the department. Practical course (GEOL-5215) is compulsory for both groups.


Course Code

Course Title




Coastal and Marine Environment




Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation




Urban Environmental Management




Energy Resources Management




Agriculture Dynamics and Food Security




Flood Plain and Watershed Management




Diaspora and Development




Physical and Environmental  Modelling




Regional Development Planning




Transportation Studies




Geopolitics and Trans-boundary Issues in South Asia




Urban Development Planning




Disaster Risk Reduction Analysis




Environmental Law and Ethics




Pract-3: Advanced Digital Image Processing




Research Report








Thesis Viva




General Viva






GEO-5101: Research Methods


Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Research: definition, objectives and types, scientific and geographic research, stages in geographic research.

  2. Research design: Hypothesis and research questions, sampling design- sampling techniques, sample size determination, sampling frame.

  3. Measuring and scaling techniques: Definition of measurement scales of measurement, importance of measurement scale in geography.

  4. Methods of data collection: Collection of primary and secondary data, selection of appropriate method for data collection.

  5. Data processing and analysis: Processing operation, quantitative and qualitative analysis of data.

  6. Interpretation and report writing: Techniques of interpretation, different steps in writing report, types of reports.

  7. Referencing system: Difference between reference and bibliography, plagiarism and its impact on research.


Suggested Readings

Islam, M. N. 2011. An Introduction to Research Methods, Dhaka: Mullick Brothers.

Abedin, M. J. 2010. A Handbook of Research, Chittagong: Book Syndicate.

Gregory, S. 1968. Statistical Methods and Geographer, New York: Longmans.

Kothari, C.R. 2009. Research Methodology, India:.New Age International Pvt Ltd.

Cooley,L and Jo Lewkowicz, 2008. Dissertation Writing in Practice, HK: HongKong University Press.



GEO-5102: Applied Geomorphology   Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Nature, scope and significance of applied geomorphology; concepts and modern techniques in Applied Geomorphology.

  2. Morphometry of Drainage Basins; Linear and Relief Aspects (Stream Ordering, Bifurcation Ratio, Law of Stream Numbers, Dissection Index), Hypsometric Analysis, Clinographic Analysis.

  3. Soil geomorphology; soil-geomorphic controls on plant ecology; Horton’s Overland flow model; soil erosion and environmental degradation.

  4. Hillslopes and mass movements; mass movement hazards, recognition, and mitigation; Forest clearing and other land-use effects on landsliding.

  5. Erosional and depositional processes and landforms: flood plains, terraces, alluvial fans, deltas.

  6. Geomorphic-biologic interactions and ecology; Control of fluvial processes on riparian vegetation and vice versa; role of vegetation in bank stability; forest fires and geomorphology.

  7. Application of remote sensing and geographic information system in

Geomorphology (Flood, Integrated Coastal Zone).

  1. Geomorphic hazards in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Knighton, D. 1998. Fluvial Forms and Processes, New York: Oxford University Press.

Leopold, L..B.M.G., Wolman, and J.P. Miller. 1964. Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology, New York: Dover Publications, Inc.

Strahler, A.H. and Strahler 1992. Modern Physical Geography, New York: John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pvt. Ltd.

Savindra Singh 2002. Geomorphology, Allahabad: Prayag Pustak Bhavan.

Thornbury, W.D. 1960. Principles of Geomorphology, London: Mathuen.

Chorley, R.J. et al. 1984. Geomorphology, New York : John Wiley and Sons.




GEO-5103: Applied Remote Sensing and GIS Total Marks-100  Credit-3


Section – A (Remote Sensing)

  1. The remote sensing process; remote sensing sensors (Active and Passive) data acquisition.

  2. Digital image Properties and image processing; image statistics, image; resolution, data visualization; geometric and radiometric correction ;

image enhancement; image classification; digital change detection

accuracy assessment.

  1. Remote sensing application in natural resource management (Land use, forestry, geology and water resources, marine Science); urban planning and development; disaster management.

Section – B (GIS)

  1. GIS as decision support tool.

  2. GIS data types, structures and data conversion ( Rasterization and Vectorization) using ArcCatalog.

  3. GIS Data Processing using ArcToolbox and Model builder.

  4. Spatial Analysis using ArcMap.

  5. Analyzing Tables using ArcMap.      

  6. Creating & Editing Geodata: Geodatabases, Line Editing and Line Topology.

  7. Polygon Processing and Analysis.               

  8. Surfaces and Surface Generation.


Suggested Readings

Lillesand, T.; Kiefer, R. W. and Chipman, J. 2007. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, 6th Edition, New York: Wiley.

Nayak, S. and Zlatanova, S. (eds.), 2008. Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies for Monitoring and Prediction of Disasters, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Schowengerdt, R. A. 2007. Remote Sensing: Models and Methods for Image Processing, 3rd Edition, Elsevier – Academic Press, Burlington – MA.

Bettinger, P. and M. G. Wing. 2004. Geographic Information Systems: Applications in Forestry and Natural Resources Management. New York: McGraw Hill.

Chou, Y. H.1997. Exploring Spatial Analysis in Geographic Information Systems. Onword Press, Sante Fe, NM.

DeMers, M. N. 2005. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ.

Longley, P. A., M. F. Goodchild, D. J. Maguire, D. W. Rhind. 2005. Geographic Information Systems and Science. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ.

Mitchell, A. 1999. The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis Geographic Patterns and Relationships. Vol 1, ESRI, Inc. Redlands, CA.






GEO-5104: Biodiversity and Its Conservation Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Biodiversity: Origin of the term biodiversity; Composition and level of biodiversity.

  2. The creation of biodiversity: Geological time scale and life; Controlling factors of biological distribution and richness; Ecology of biodiversity.

  3. Biodiversity and Ecosystem: Territorial and Aquatic biomes; Ecotone; Endemism and hotspots.

  4. Valuing biodiversity: Direct and Indirect values of biodiversity; biodiversity and biotechnology; quantifying biodiversity.

  5. Extinction: Present status of biodiversity; Major causes of extinction; Human pressure on biodiversity.

  6. The conservation of biodiversity: Concept of conservation; Ex situ and In situ conservation; Red data books; Red data categories; The legislative framework

  7. Biodiversity in context of Bangladesh: Patterns and present status of biodiversity in Bangladesh; Protected areas example from Bangladesh; National legislation.



Suggested Readings

Heywood, U. H. 1995. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge: UNDP.

Jeffries, M.J. 2004. Biodiversity and Conservation, London : Routledge.

Asthana, D.K. Asthana , M. 2001. Environment: Problems and Solutions, New Delhi: S. Chand.

Groombridge, B. 1002. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth living Resources, Chapman and Hall.

Hawksworth, D.L 1995. Biodiversity: Measurement and Estimation, London: Chapman and Hall.

SEHD, 2002. Bangladesh Environment Facing the 21st Century, Dhaka:SHED.



GEO-5105: Climate Change: Concept and Issues Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Science of Climate Change.

1.1 Climate system (components, energy and mass flow, linkage with climate).

1.2 Radiative forcing, climate sensitivity, climate feedback.

1.3 Anthropogenic and natural forces.

  1. Greenhouse gas-emissions, effects and management.

2.1 Direct global warming potential (DGWP).

2.2 CO2 and the Keeling Curve.

2.3 Disposing of carbon.

  1. Palaeoclimate

3.1 Earth’s evolution and past climate change.

3.2 Icehouse and greenhouse era.

3.3 Reconstructing past climate dynamics.

  1. Global Climate Variability.

4.1 Natural phenomena-El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle.

4.2 Milankovitch Cycle.

4.3 climate modeling and prediction of future scenarios.

4.4 Sequence of UNFCCC Conferences and major treaties (Keyoto Protocol, Bali Road Map).

  1. Impact of Climate Change.

5.1 Environmental, biological, social, and economical impact.

  1. Climate Change in Bangladesh.

6.1 Recent trends of key environmental stresses- land and soil, water, biodiversity, disasters, climate change induced hazards in Bangladesh- flood, tropical cyclone, storm surges and drought.

6.2 Climate change and livelihood Coping strategies and resilience to altered circumstances.

6.3 Major policy strategy and action plans (NAPA, BCCSAP).


Suggested Readings

Ahmed, R. A. 2011. Climate Change: Issues and Perspective for Bangladesh. Dhaka: Shahitya publication.

Dhawan, T. 2010. Global Warming and Climate Change: International Legal Process. Mohini Publishers & Distributors.

Harvey, L. D. 2010. Global Warming The Hard Science. Pearson Education Limited.

Islam, T. 2010. Climate Change in Bangladesh. Dhaka: University Press Limited.

Kunzig, R., & Broecker, W. 2009. Fixing Climate The Story of Climate Science and How to Stop Global Warming. GreenProfile.

Letcher, T. M. 2009. Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth. Elsevier, Oxford, UK.

Malik, A. 2008. Causes of Climate Change. Rajat Publications.

 Peake, S., and Smith, J. 2009. Climate Change From Science to Sustainability. Oxford University Press.

Pittock, A. B. 2009. Climate Change: The Science, Impacts and Solutions. CSIRO Publishing, Australia.

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GEO-5106: Advanced Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


1. Environmental Impact Assessment

1.1 Definition of EIA and EIS,

1.2 Concepts, Scope and objectives of EIA

1.3 Historical background of EIA

1.4 National Environmental Policy Act, 1969

2. EIA in developed and developing countries

2.1 Current status of EIA legislation in developing countries

2.2 Use of EIS in Decision-making and effectiveness of EIA: The Netherlands, UK, Hong Kong, Bangladesh

2.3 Status of the EIA system in Bangladesh

3. EIA Process

3.1 Screening and Scoping

3.2 Public participation Process

3.3 Baseline Environment

3.4 Prediction and evaluation of impacts

3.5 Environmental Monitoring

3.6 Evaluation and mitigation of impacts

4. Tools of Impact Assessment

4.1 Social Impact Assessment

4.2 Urban Impact Assessment

4.3 Ecological Impact Assessment

5. EIA reporting

Case studies: Bangladesh perspectives

6. Environmental auditing

6.1 Environmental auditing: function, benefits, scope

6.2 General guidelines for environmental auditing

6.3 Steps for performing an environmental audit


Suggested Readings

Larry W. Canter, 1996. Environment Impact Assessment, New York:.Mc-Graw Hill Inc.

Mamtaz, S. and Zubaidul K., 2010. EIA Assessment for Developing Countries, ???

John G., Rikay T. and A. Chadwick, 1994. Introduction of Environmental Impact Assessment, London: UGC Press Ltd.

Peter M., Ricky T. 1994. Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment. London: UGC Press Limited.

B. Pearson and et al. 1992. Using Environmental Management System to Improve Profits, London : Kluwer Academic Publisher Group.

Judith P. 1999. Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment (Vol. I), USA: Blackwell Science.


GEO-5107: Gender, Development and Environment     Mark-100                 3 Credit


  1. Concept and Definition: Gender, Development and Environment.    

  2. Gender-environment relationship (Ecofeminism, gender and biodiversity, gender and forestry, gender and agriculture, Gender and rural energy, Gender and aquaculture.

  3. Gender and Development: Theoretical Explanation.

  4. Gender, Production, Reproduction and Maintenance.

  5. Gender, Inequality and Empowerment.

  6. Gender and migration: Type and dynamics.

  7. Gender Vulnerability (natural hazards: floods, cyclones and earthquakes, urban environmental problems: pollutions, waste disposal, health risks, trafficking).

  8. Gender and climate change: resilience and coping mechanism.

  9. Gender and Globalization.


Suggested Readings

Janet H. M. 2004. Geography of Gender in the Third Worlds, Rutledge Introductions to Development Series, London and New York: Routledge

Janet H. M. 1991.Women and Development in the Third Worlds, Rutledge Introductions to Development Series, London and New York : Routledge.

Gillian R. 1993. Feminism and Geography-The limits of Geographical Knowledge: Minneapolis : University of Monesota Press.

Mona D. and Joni S., 2001. Putting Women in Place-Feminist Geographers Make Sense of the World, New York: The Guildford Press.



GEO-5108: Land Use and Land Management Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Concept of Land, Land Use, Land Carrying Capacity and Sustainable Land Management.

  2. Land Use Factors and Principles, Classification and Urban Land Use Models.

  3. Techniques of Land Use Survey and Mapping.

  4. Land Ownership Pattern and Land tenure.

  5. Nature and Determinants of Land Value and Land Market.

  6. Land Reform: History and Planning.

  7. Land Resource Degradation, Land Management and Conservation.

  8. Concept of Land Admission, Taxation, Litigation and land use control.

  9. Land Management Administration and Planning in Bangladesh.

  10. Land Use Policy and Land Laws in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Chapin F. S. 1965. Urban Landuse Planning, London: University of Illinois Press.

Larry S. B. 1971. Internal Structure of the City Readings on Space and Environment, London: Oxford University Press.

Richard B. A. (edts.) 1972. Urban Land Use Policy, The FREPRSS, NewYork, Collier-Macmillan Limited London.

Jamal.H.A. and Nathaniel Von E. (edts.) 1998. Urban Land Management Improving Policies and Practices in Developing Countries of Asia, UNCHS (Habitat).

Islam N. and Chowdhury, A. I. 1990. Urban Land Management in Bangladesh, Dhaka: GoB.

Islam N. and Ahsan R. M. 1996. Urban Bangladesh Geographical Studies, Dhaka: Bangladesh Urban Studies, series 6.

Islam N. (eds.) 1998. Recent Urban Studies Bangladesh, Dhaka: Bangladesh Urban Studies, Series 8.

Islam, N. 1999. Urbanization in Bangladesh and the Growth of Dhaka, Land use, Poverty and Governance, public lecture series -2, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Culcutta.

Islam, N. Urban Land Tenure in Bangladesh and Pakistan, Dhaka: CUS.

T. Hussain, 1995. Land Rights in Bangladesh-Problems of Management, Dhaka:UPL.

Sarkar D. and, 2011. Strategies for Arresting Land Degradation in South Asian Countries, SAARC-Agriculture Centre.

Bangladesh Urban Sector National Programme Document, 1994. GoB-UNDP

Master Plans for Bangladesh Cities, UDD.

Siddiqui, K. Land Management in South Asia, Dhaka: AH DPL Publication.



GEO-5109 Population and Sustainable Development Total Marks-100  Credit-3


1. Concept, Scope, Parameters and their Relationships



1.3Sustainable Development

1.4 Importance of Geography for Population Studies

1.5 Man-Environment Relationship Concept

1.6 Interaction among population growth, Environmental Degradation and Sustainable Development

3. Population Dynamics

3.1 Fertility

3.2 Mortality

3.3 Migration and its Determinants

4. Population Growth, Distribution and Redistribution (Global and Regional Context)

4.1 Population Growth, Distribution and Redistribution with Relevant Determinants

4.2 Population Growth Theories

4.2.1 Malthus Population Theory

4.2.2 Optimum population Theory

4.2.3 Demographic Transition Theory

5. Sustainable Development and Conservation of Natural Environment (Global and Regional Context)

5.1 Finite Resources and Infinite Trend of Population Growth

5.2Functional Relationship between Sustainable Development and Conservation of Resources.

5.3 Effect of Population Growth and Economic Development on Environmental

5.3.1 Recurrent Environmental Degradation –Flood, Cyclone and Drought

5.3.2 Incremental Environmental Degradation –Water Pollution, Air Pollution, Soil Pollution and Micro Climate Change

5.3.3 Effect on Flora and Fauna – Lessening Bio-Diversity, Deforestation and Desertification.

5.3.4 Structure Intervention of Man on Environment – Dams, Polders, and Embankment

6. Population, Environment and Sustainable Development in Bangladesh.

6.1 Population and Environmental Characteristics of Bangladesh

6.2 Trend of Natural Hazards and Man-Made Hazards Its Impact on Population of Bangladesh

6.3 Population Displacement – Voluntary and Non-Voluntary Movements of Population

6.4 Refugees- Dynamics of Refugees, Typology and Policy of Their Settlement.

6.5 Sustainable Development Prospects of Bangladesh


Suggested Readings:

Clark , J. I., 1965 Population Geography, New York: Guilfard.

Ghosh, B.N., 1985 Fundamental of Population GeographyNew Delhi, India.


GEO- 5110: Urbanization and Urban System Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Concepts and processes of urbanization.


  1. City size Distribution and hierarchy.

    1. Urban Pyramid and Primacy.

    2. Rank-size Rule.

    3. Green’s Bracey’s, Berry & Garriso.

    4. Christaller’s Hierarchy and Spatial Equilibrium.


  1. Urban Sphere of Influence.

    1. Service area/tributary area.

    2. Reilly’s Law of Retail Gravitation.

    3. Urban system based on news paper circulation.

  2. Urban Population.

    1. Density Model.

    2. Density Gradient: Western and Non-Western.

    3. Life cycle and Mobility.

  3. Urban Transportation and Movement.

    1. Principles of Urban Transportation.

    2. Trip Generations and type.

    3. Desire lines.

    4. Urban transportation system and impact on city pattern.

  4. Urbanization and Urban system in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Carter, H. 1995. The Study of Urban Geography, New York: Oxford University Press.

Ahsan, R.M. 1996. Dhaka Folk Work and Place Urban Studies Programme, Department of Geography, University of Dhaka.

Islam, N, 1996. Dhaka: From City to Megacity. Dept. of Geography and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Berry .B.J.L and Harton, F.E. 1990. Geographic perspectives on urban system, New Jersey: Prontice-Hall.

Islam, N. 2001. Urbanization, Urban Development, Urban Governance and Planning. Dhaka: CUS.

Johnson , J.W. 1967. Urban Geography. Oxford: pergamon

Murphy , R.E. 1974. The American city: An Urban Geography, New York: Mc Graw-Hill .

Yeates, M.H and Garner, B.J 1971. North American city, New York, Harpar and Row.

Pacione, Michael, 2001. Urban Geography - a global perspectives, London.

Elahi, K.M. and Rumi.S.R.A(Edited), 2005. Nagar Bhogul: Shamprotik Dhara(in bangla) Dhaka, Delta Books.


GEO- 5111: Water Resources Management Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Water as source General water sources of supply; uses in different sectors; sectoral demand.

  2. Problems of water: spatial and seasonal abundance and scarcity; floods and drought, prospects of water resources, water quality standards.

  3. Principles of Water resources planning: purposes, needs and objectives. Policy and planning processes; benefit and cost analysis; environment and social cost.

  4. Demand and Supply.

(a) Sectoral composition and future demand; components of demand rural and urban; agriculture, industrial, commercial, domestic, navigational, fisheries, recreational.

(b) Method’s of demand projections: time, services and projection; model and simulation; holistic methods.

(c) Water availability: rainfall, evaporation, surface water and ground water.

  1. Review of various water resources management initiatives in Bangladesh.

  2. The Flood Action Plan, National Water Policy and Water Treaties and Accord signed by Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Rasheed Sajjadur. K. B 2011. Water Resources Management.

Chorely R. J. Water, Earth and Man.

Miah M. Z. 2003. Water Resources Development in Bangladesh.

Hoque M. I 2008. Water Resources Management in Bangladesh.

Thomas V. Cech-John Wiley & Sons 2009. Principles of water resources: history, development, management and policy.

Miah M. Z. 1990. Floods in Bangladesh.

Barry, R.G And R.J Chorley 1976. atmosphere, weather and climate.



GEO-5112: Watershed Hydrology Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Hydrologic processes: Various measurement and estimation techniques in hydrology: Rain gauge, point measurement to spatially distributed estimation, Thornwaite, Penman, Mass balance estimation, measurement of soil water and infiltration rate, Runoff mechanism.

  2. Stream flow analysis

    1. Hydrograph Analysis: Components of hydrograph, hydrograph separation, unit hydrograph, flow- duration curve.

    2. Flood- Frequency Analysis: Return period, extreme value distributions, Weibull formula.

    3. Statistical Hydrology concept and analysis: Normal distribution, Hypergeometric distribution, Bernouli, Poisson.

  3. Multi-basin Modelling: Considerations and parameters for selecting basin components, Hydrograph computation location, Model calibration and validation.

  4. Surface water modelling: 1D, 2D and 3D models, Hydrologic and Hydraulic modelling.

  5. Hydrological settings and problems in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

D, Tim,(ed.) 2014 Fundamental of Hydrology. UK.

Ward, R.C,(ed.) 2006. Principles of Hydrology.London.

Chorley R.J., 2003 Introduction to Physical Hydrology, London.

USACE 2006, User’s Manual, HEC-RAS River Analysis System, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, USA.

GEO-5113 Agro-Climatology Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Agro-Climatology: Aim, Scope and Methods.

  2. Hydrological Cycle.

  3. Rainfall.

3.1 Types of rainfall.

3.2 Determining average Arial precipitation.

3.3 Rainfall Pattern and probable maximum precipitation.

3.4Concepts of reliable rainfall and its measurement.

3.5 Analysis of rainfall variability.

  1. Soil Moisture.

    1. Soil moisture characteristics.

4.2 Field capacity and wilting point.

4.3 Infiltration and percolation.

  1. Evapo-transpiration.

5.1Measurement of evapo-transpiration.

5.2Determining water balance (Thornthwaite and Penman).

  1. Agro-ecological Zone of Bangladesh.

  2. Application of Hydro-metrology in Agriculture- Crop Suitability Analysis.

  3. Bangladesh; Aspects of Agro-climatology flaming.


Suggested Readings

Dooiengos bos, Z. and Kassam, A. H. 1985.Yield response to water, FAO irrigation and drainage paper 33, Rome.

UNDP, FAO. 1988. Land Resources Appraisal of Bangladesh for Agricultural Development, Report 2, Agro-ecological Regions of Bangladesh, Rome.

Dooiengos bos, Z. and Pruitt, W.O. 1985. Crop water requirements, FAO irrigation and drainage paper 24, Rome.

Manalo, E.B. 1977. Agro-Climatic Survey of Bangladesh, Joydevpur, Dhaka; BRRI_ IRRI.

Islam, M.A. 1995. Environment, Landuse and Natural Hazards in Bangladesh.

FAO 1988. Land Resource Appraisals of Bangladesh for Agriculture development resource.

Khan, F.K. and Islam Aminul. 1966 Water Resource of East Pakistan. The Oriental Geography. Volume 1. No 10. January. Dhaka.

GRIFFITHF, J., S. 1976. Applied Climatology and introduction. London Oxford University.

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GEO-5114 Disaster Management Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Disaster management: meaning, terms; disaster management cycles.

  2. Proactive approach to disaster mitigation: information and tools; risk analysis and management disaster, pressure and release model; disaster mitigation plans.

  3. Capacity building and training for disaster resilient society: techniques, exercise design and conduct drills.

  4. Preparing of emergency response: disaster warning and alert phase; immediate post-disaster phase.

  5. Disaster recovery and reconstruction; green recovery concepts.

  6. Institutional arrangements and legal frameworks for disaster management (global, regional and national).

  7. International issues, platforms and conventions of disaster risk management.

  8. Case studies of selected hazards/ disasters with reference to Bangladesh.


Suggesting Readings

Coppola, D.P., 2011. Introduction to International Disaster Management. 2nd ed. Burlington: Elsevier.

Ben Wisner, Piers Blaikie, Terry Cannon and Ian Davis, 2004. AT RISK ( 2nd edition).

Bangladesh Open University 2004, ELEC 3619 Disaster Management, The Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver.

Carter, W.N. 1991. Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook, Manila, ADB.

Abbott, Patrick, 2004. Natural Disasters , McGrawhill. London.

Nizamuddin, K. (ed.), 2000, Disaster in Bangladesh: Selected Readings, Disaster Research Training and Management Centre, University of Dhaka.

Islam, MA, 2001. Environment, Land use and Natural Hazards in Bangladesh.

Misra, 1993. Natural Disaster Reduction, New Delhi: Reliance.

Smith, K. 2001. Environmental Hazards. New York: Routledge.

Kriemer. A and Munashinghe M (eds) 1991. Managing Natural Disasters and the Environment. Washington.

Elahi, K.M. Ahmed K.S. and Mafizuddin, M, 1991. Riverbank Erosion, Flood and population Displacement in Bangladesh. Dhaka: RESIS/JU.


GEOL-5115: Pract-1: Data Analysis: Tools and Techniques

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Introduction: types of data, collection of temporal and spatial data, preparation of data.

  2. Preliminary analysis of spatial data: general distributional properties, spatial trends, detecting spatial pattern, testing for spatial autocorrelation.

  3. Data Analysis: Strategic issues in data analysis.

  4. Introduction to data mining: objectives and scope; classification of data mining systems.

  5. Spatial data clustering.

  6. Spatial Interpolation: IDW, Polynomial Interpolation.

  7. Introduction to SPSS.

  8. Features of data analysis software.

  9. Data entry, coding editing and tabulation.

  10. Advanced statistical analysis of data set using different software.

  11. Analysis and interpretation of data from geographic perspective.


Suggested Readings

Govaert, G. 2009. Data Analysis. ISTE Ltd and John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Huber, PJ. 2011. Data Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Shi, G. 2011. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Geoscientists. Elsevier.

SPSS Statistics Base 17.0 User’s Guide 2007, SPSS Inc. Chicago.

SPSS Instruction Manual 1998. Dept. of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Waterloo.

Pal, S., 1998, Statistics for Geoscientists: Techniques and Applications, Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi.

Islam, MN. 2011. An Introduction to Research Methods. Dhaka: Mullick and Brothers.


GEOL-5116: Pract-2: Laboratory Analysis of Environmental Components

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


    1. Basic Concepts about Environmental Sample Measurement: Physical Analysis, Chemical Analysis, Biological Analysis, Unit of Concentration, Sensitivity and Detection limit of an Instrument, Qualitative and Quantitative measurements, Calibration and Standards, Accuracy and Precision, Environmental Standard, Introduction of Advanced Techniques in Physical Environment Analysis: Necessity, different methods of analysis. Verification and Validation of Analytical measurements; Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC) practices in Environmental Analysis, Statistical analysis of environmental data; Documentation of Analytical Measurements, Data processing and Graphical representation.

    2. Instruments in Physical Environmental Sample Study: Principle Instrumentation and Investigation of pollutants through the Application of Spectroscopic and Microscopic Instruments. Automated Methods of Analysis: On-line flow injection Analysis; Computers in Analytical techniques; Air: air pollution measurement, ambient air sampling, collection and quantification of particulate matters, stack sampling.

    3. Study of Plant Analysis: Observation of Geological and biological archives such as corals, deep sea sediments, fossil (Diatom) and cave deposits using Electronic Microscope to investigate ocean and climate history.

    4. Study of Physical and Chemical properties of Soil: Soil Humidly Analysis, Ash content, strength analysis, Loss-on-ignation, Particle Size, Conductivity, pH.

    5. Study of Physical and Chemical properties of water: Suspended Sediment, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS), Suspended Solid (SS), Filterable Solid (FS), Hardness of water, Salinity, Total alkalinity in titrimetric method, Chlorides, Chromium in water, Determination of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in waste water, Determination of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) of waste water. Flow chart for industrial effluent treatment.

  1. Analysis of heavy metals/ toxic metals, dyes and humic substances in groundwater using spectroscopic method.

  2. Field Level Sample Collection and Experimental Observation






M.Sc 2nd Semester


 GEO-5201: Coastal and Marine Environment  Total Marks-100  Credit-3

  1. Introduction to Marine and Coastal Environment: its’ Meaning, Multidisciplinary Scope, Importance to study.

  2. Topography of the Ocean: Continental shelves and slope, Ocean floor,

  3. Ocean Sediments: Basic concept of sedimentation, Source of sediments, types, characteristics, depositional environments.

  4. Marine Environment: Marine ecosystem, Marine climatic zone, temperature; salinity; causes, changes, vertical and horizontal distribution, Implication, EL-Nino(ENSO), Sea Level changes.

  5. Definition, classification, Delineation and characteristics,

  6. Coastal Landform: Cliff, Sand dunes, Shores, Beaches, Tidal flat, Mud flat, lagoons.

  7. Coastal Process: tide, wave, ocean current, Sedimentation.

  8. Marine and Coastal Resources: Flora and Fauna, Coral Reef, Mineral Resources, Tourisms, Hydrokinetic Power, Marine transportation.

  9. Marine and Coastal Hazards: Cyclone, Storm Surges, Tsunami, Bank Erosion, Salinity Intrusion, Oil spills, Vessel sewage discharge, etc.

  10. Coastal Zone Management in Bangladesh: Concept, Policies, ICZM, Land Reclamation, Coastal Zoning, Protection and Defense, Management techniques, Community Participation, Coastal Conservation, Relevant marine and coastal legislation.

  11. Bay of Bengal with emphasis on EEZ of Bangladesh and estuaries: Resource Utilization, SL. change. Govt. policy on Bay of Bengal.


Suggested Readings


D. Raffaelli and S. Hawkins, 1997. Intertidal Ecology. London

J. Pathick A. 1986. Introduction to Coastal Geomorphology, London

M.S. Islam 2001. Sea Level Changes in Bangladesh: Last 10,000 Years, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.


GEO-5202-Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Climate change- meaning, concepts and historical aspects.

  2. Impacts and vulnerability to climate change.

  3. Climate change mitigation: concepts and process, low carbon approach.

  4. Sectoral strategy of mitigation: forest, energy, agricultural, building and cities, water supply, tourism, transportation, waste management etc.

  5. Climate change adaptation: concept and meaning, methods and process of adaptation.

  6. Adaptation strategy and action plan in the sectoral level.

  7. Policy, plan and legal aspects related to mitigation and adaptation of climate change.

  8. International initiatives and measures towards mitigation and adaptation. IPCC Reports, Kyoto Protocol etc.

  9. Climate change mitigation and adaptation practices in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Chen, W.Y., Seiner, J., Suzuki, T., Lackner, M. (Eds.) 2012. Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation, Springer Publications.

Sumi, Akimasa, Fukushi, Kensuke, Hiramatsu, Ai (Eds.) 2010.Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change, Springer Publications.

Paula Castro, 2104. Climate Change Mitigation In Developing Countries, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Simin Davoudi, Jenny Crawford, Abid Mehmood, 2009.Planning for Climate Change: Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation for Spatial Planners. Routledge.

MoEF, 2009. Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, GoB.

MoEF, 2005. National Adaptation Plan of Action, GoB.

IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5), 2004. Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, WMO and UNEP.

IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGIII AR5), 2013. Mitigation of Climate Change. WMO and UNEP.



GEO-5203: Urban Environmental Management Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Introduction to Environment: Definition, component of environment, conceptualizing urban environment, urban growth, concepts of environmental hazards and environmental degradation, Synthesis: The earth summit, Habitat II and Local Agenda 21.

  2. Introduction to UEM: Definition. Paradadirm shift from urban management to UEM, core paradigms for UEM, Institutional Framework of Urban Environmental Management.

  3. Urban Environmental Problems: Causes and impact of urbanization; specific UEM issues-air quality, waste, water quality, noise pollution, informal settlements, urban health, loss of heritage.

  4. Approaches and tools; Approaches to UEM-suasive measures, economic instruments and public-private partnership (PPP), theories of PPP, examples from Third world countries; selected UEM tools-sustainable development, environmental impact assessment, national urbanization development strategy (NUDS), good governance.

  5. UEM and ethics: Definition of ethics and environmental ethics, types of ethics, trade off between development and ethics.



Suggested Readings

Hardoy, J.E., Mitlin; Mitlin, Diana; and Satterthwaite 1992. Environmental Problems in Developing Countries.

UN-Habitat (2010/2011). State of World’s Cities-bridging the urban divide, Earthscan.

Amin, ATMN 2005. Economic and Financial Considerations in Urban Environmental Management (Bangkok: UEM/AIT).

Jamieson, D 2008. Ethics and the Environment, Cambridge University Press.



GEO-5204: Energy Resources Management Total Marks-100  Credit-3


1. Concept of Energy and Power: Sources of energy; Geographical distribution of energy sources; Past, present and future trends of energy use; Global status of energy use; Energy use efficiency and conservation measures. Environmental impacts of nonrenewable energy sources.

2. Introduction to Energy Management: Components of energy management; Major Issues and challenges, Generation, Distribution, System loss, Demand management and regulation. Process of Energy Management, Green Buildings, Green House Gas Emissions Management.

3. Future Energy Use Options: Renewable Energy Sources (Solar PV systems, Wind power, modern biomass, Hydropower etc.), Non-renewable options, Promotion Measures of New Renewable (Tax incentive, feed-in-tarif, net metering etc.) Examples of Best practices.

4. Energy Use and Sustainable Environmental Management: Strategy on Sustainable Development, Analysis of energy use: Energy and Material balance & energy loss/waste analysis, Costs benefit analysis, Economic Analysis and Life Cycle Costing, Control Systems and Computers.

5. The Energy Audit Process: An Overview, Understanding Energy Bills.

6. State of Energy and Power in Bangladesh: Overview on energy and power supply, Major issues and challenges, National Energy Policy, Renewable Energy Polity, Future Power supply options.


Suggested Readings

Ahmad, Q.K. Azim, M.A. and Mintoo, A.A. (ed.) 2005. Energy Security in Bangladesh, Dhaka: Academic Press and Publisher Library.

Kabir, M.H. and Endlicher, W. 2012. Exploitation of Renewable Energy in Bangladesh. AH Development Publishing House, Dhaka.

BCAS 1998. Wind. Wind Energy Study (WEST) Project, Final Report, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, p. 99.

GWEC 2007. Global Wind 2007 Report, Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), Brussels.

GWEC 2008. Global Wind 2008 Report, Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), p.& Brussels.

Hussain, M. 1986. Progress Report: Renewable Energy Research Centre, University of Dhaka, Dhaka.

REN21 (yearly updates), Renewables Global Status Report: Update (Paris: Renewable Energy Network for 21st Century Secretariat).

WWEA (annual updates), World Wind Energy Report, World Wind Energy Association, Bonn, Germany.

List of Journals to be consulted

Energy (Elsevier Science)

Renewable Energy (Elsevier Science)

Renewable and sustainable energy review (Elsevier Science).



GEO-5205: Agriculture Dynamics and Food Security Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Land Utilisation, Cropping pattern and cropping intensity in Bangladesh.

  2. Food grain production, supply and diversification: constraints and potentials.

  3. Food Systems: meaning and necessity of the study of geography of food.

  4. Food and biosphere: food production and environmental change; role of population and consumption.

  5. The origins of food: centres of genetic diversity; biological imperialism.

  6. Agricultural development: the Green Revolution and its consequences.

  7. Food production systems and food producers: peasants, farmers, and plantations.

Food security and food sovereignty: Hunger, famine and entitlements to food.

  1. Measurement of food security: Basic indicators and methods.

  2. Food policy: cash crops vs food crops, market liberalization, vs national food self sufficiency; prevention of famine-early warning system, relief. The National food Policy-2006 and National Food Policy Plan of Action (2008-2015).


  1. Constraints to food security planning; lessons from past experiences of food security planning in Asia and Africa.


Suggested Readings

Chowdhury, S.I 1995. Arthonitic Bhugol: Bissho O Bangladesh: Dhaka University, Dhaka (in Bangla).

Husan, Majid. 1998. Systematic Agricultural Geography, Rawat Publication, New Delhi.

Singh, J. and Dhillon, S.S. 1998. Agricultural Geography; Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, India.

Symons, L. J. 1978. Agricultural Geography, Bell and Hyman Limited: London.

Ahmed,R., Haggblade, S., Chowdhury,T.E. eds, 2000. Out of the Shadow of Famine. Landon: IFPRI.

MoFDM, 2012. National Food Policy Plan of Action and Country Investment Plan Monitoring Report- 2012. Food Division, GoB.

Hossain, M. and Bayes, A., 2010. Rural Economy and Livelihoods-insight from Bangladesh. Dhaka: A H Publishing.



GEO-5206: Flood Plain and Watershed Management

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Floodplain and watershed: definition & scope and conceptual basis.

  2. Floodplains and watershed resources: water resources, living resources and habitats.

  3. Floodplain development: extent of floodplain development in Bangladesh; impacts of development on floodplain, natural, levees, impacts on wetlands and impacts on riparian habitat.

  4. Major watersheds in Bangladesh: Ganges, Brahmaputra, Meghna, Karnaphuli and Sangu.

  5. Major development activities in the watersheds of the Ganges-Padma, the Brahmaputra- Jamuna and the Meghna system – case studies.

  6. Watershed management framework and practice in Bangladesh.



Suggested Readings

Newton, M. 1992. River Basin System and Their Sustainable Management, Routtedge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London.

Rasheed, Sajjadur. K. B 2011. Water Resources Management, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Hoque M. I 2008. Water Resources Management in Bangladesh.

Leopold, Wolmand and Miller 1964. Fluvial process in Geomorphology, London.

Thomas V. Cech-John Wiley & Sons 2009. Principles of water resources: history, development, management and policy.

Miah M. Z. 1990. Floods in Bangladesh.

Chorley, J. Richard. 1971. Introduction to physical hydrology, Methuen & Co. Ltd. Britain.

Modern concept on water resource, 2007. University Grand Commission, Agargoan, Dhaka.

Harun-er-Rashid, 1995. Geography of Bangladesh, UPL, Dhaka.


  GEO-5207 Diaspora and Development Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Introduction to Migration and Diaspora: Definition, concept of migrant and Diaspora, migration as 21 century issue, Bangladesh and international migration, theories on migration.

  2. Diaspora and Development: Diaspora economy, remittance, human, financial, and social capital for the development, poverty reduction.

  3. Diaspora engagement: diaspora and origin country, vertical engagement, formal and informal layers, diaspora engagement and development, structure of diaspora engagement in South Asia, diaspora engagement policies in South Asian countries.


Suggested Readings

Ullah, AKM. 2011. Rationalizing Migration Decisions: Labour Migrants in South and South- East Asia. Ashgate. UK, USA, Singapore. ISBN 978-1-4094-0513-9.

Caritas. 2010. A reflection on the dynamics between Migration and Development. EU.

Claudia M. Buch and Anja Kuckulenz. 2010. Worker Remittances and Capital Flows to Developing Countries. International Migration Journal. Vol. No.

Agunias, Dovelyn Rannveig. 2006. ‘Remittances and Development: Trends, Impacts, and Policy Options – A Review of the Literature. Migration Policy Institute,Washington,D.C.availableat

Wahba, Jackline. 2007. Returns to Overseas Work Experience: the Case of Egypt, in Özden, Caglar and Maurice Schiff, International Migration, Economic Development and Policy, Washington, the World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 235-58.



GEO- 5208: Physical and Environmental Modelling

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Introduction to Physical and Environmental Modelling: model and different models used in Geographical research: Deterministic and Stochastic models.

  2. Model structure and computation: consideration and parameters for selected model, calibration and validation, sensitivity analysis, errors and uncertainty.

  3. Atmospheric modelling: Mathematical representation of atmospheric models, land surface parameterization, data requirements, global climate modelling requirements.

  4. Modelling catchment Hydrology: Spatial components, flow and transport processes, state of modelling coupled with GIS, modelling of water resources sensitivity analysis to climate change scenario, surface water quality modelling.

  5. Ecological System modelling: Methods of coupling ecological models with GIS, forest growth model.

  6. Application of different physical environmental model in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Goodchild. M. F, Parks.B. O, 1993. Environmental Modelling with GIS, Oxford University Press, New York.

Wilson.J. P, Fotheringham.A.S. 2008. The Handbook of Geographic Information Science, Blackwell Publishing, USA.

Wainwright. J, Mulligan. M. 2004. Environmental Modelling: Finding simplicity in complexity, John Wiley and Sons. Ltd, England.

Skidmore. A (ed.) 2003, Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing, Rutledge Publisher, UK.


GEO-5209: Regional Development Planning Total Marks-100  Credit-3


1. Concept of Regional Planning.

1.1 Definition.

1.2 Nature and Scope of Regional Planning and its Objective.

2. The region in regional Planning.

2.1 The region concept.

2.2 Regionalization and the Delineation of Region.

3. Regional Analysis.

3.1 Inter Regional Analysis.

3.1.1 The Regional Framework. Regional Accounts. Input Out-put Tables.

3.1.2 The Regional Change: Economic Base Theory.

3.1.3 The Regional Growth. Sector Theory. Stages of Growth Theory.

3.2 Intra-Regional Analysis.

3.2.1 The Industrial Location Theory.

3.2.2 The Central place theory (Spatial structure of region).

3.2.3 The Growth Pole Theory.

4. Regional Planning Practices in developing Country.



Suggested Readings

Alonso, William and Friedman, John 1966. Regional Planning and Development: A

Reader, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Chadwick, George 1971. A Systems of Planning: Towns Theory of Urban and Regional Planning Process (Pergamon) Press, Oxford.

Gillie, F.B. 1967. Basic Thinking on Regional Planning, Menton, The Hague.

Glass, John 1974. An Introduction to Regional Planning, Huttchuson Educational,


Government of Bangladesh, First Five Year Plan, 1973-78, Planning Commission,


Government of Bangladesh, National Report on Human Settlements Habitat, Ministry of Public Works and Urban Development, Dhaka 1976.

Hall, Peter 1975. Urban and Regional Planning, Joya Willey, New York.

Meloughlin, J Brian 1969. Urban and Regional Planning: A Systems Approach.





GEO-5210 Transportation Studies Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Concepts in transport geography and planning: location pattern and location processes as affected by geography of multi-modal transport facilities.

  2. Social and economic evolution and transport technology.

  3. Fundamentals of land use transport planning and its practices.

  4. Rural transport: rural accessibility, pattern of urban-rural linkage, development of feeder routes, connectivity of rural markets and modes of rural transport.

  5. Transport problems and planning: transport and government, international transport, interregional transport, local transport, investment in transport infrastructure, public transport, traffic congestion, the planning and finance of local transport, equity and environment.

  6. Understanding solutions to transport problems in geographical dimension: constitutional remedies, regulatory control, operational control, structural control.

  7. Transport planning in Bangladesh: a case study.


Suggested Readings


Saxena , H M. 2005 . Transport Geography. India.

Robinson, H. and Bamford, C. G. 1978. Geography of Transport. London

White, H P and Senior, M. L. 1983. Transport Geography. London.


GEO-5211: Geopolitics and Trans-boundary issues in south Asia

Total Marks-100  Credit-3

  1. South Asia: A Geopolitical Overview

    1. Geopolitics as a Concept.

    2. Geopolitical importance and Transformation of South Asian Geopolitics.

  2. Physical and Human Features and its Changing Nature

    1. Physical Features (Physiography, Climate, River System & Vegetation).

    2. Human Features (Cultural Diversity, Population & Economic Activities).

    3. Changing Natures and Influencing Factors of Physical and Human Features.

    4. Climate Change and Its Impact.

  3. Strength and Weakness of Different Countries

    1. Resources.

    2. Internal and External Strategy/ Foreign Policy.

    3. Capacity of Society and Political Stability.

    4. SWOT Analysis of South Asian Countries and a Comparative Strategy.

  4. Transportation and Regional Connectivity

    1. Transport Network and Importance of Sub-regional Connectivity.

    2. Importance of Connecting South Asia and South East Asia.

    3. Asian High Way: Opportunities, Challenges and Prospects of Regional Connectivity.

  5. Locational Importance of Individual Countries and its existing exercise

  6. Major Trans-boundary Issues in South Asia and Bi-literal Issues within Countries

    1. Boundary problem ( BD- India, Pakistan-India, Pakistan- Afghanistan, India-China-Pakistan).

    2. Water Sharing of Major Rivers (Farakka Barrage, Tista Barrage, Tipaimukh Barrage, Indian Inter Basin Water Transfer Links).

    3. Maritime Boundary Issue (BD – India – Myanmar).

    4. Ethnic Problem (Punjab Conflict, Kashmir Conflict, Jhunaghor Conflict, Srilanka National Conflict, Refugee Rehabilitations).

  7. Conflicts and Co-operations of Countries within South Asia

    1. SAARC.

      1. Initiatives and Strategies for Regional Co-operations.

      2. Changing Realities, Opportunities and Challenges.

    2. SAARC and other Regional Co-operation Mechanisms (SAPTA, SAFTA, ASEAN).


Suggested Readings

Abbasi, Bushra Afzal, 1991: Geography of South Asia, Sang-Meel Publication, Lahore.

Shafi, M. 2000. Agricultural Geography of South Asia.

Haque, M. I. 2008. Water Resources Management in Bangladesh.



GEO-5212: Urban Development Planning and Management

Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. The Nature and Evolution of Urban Planning.

    1. The Concept of Urban Planning: Definition, Need and Scope.

    2. The Origin and Growth of Urbanization in the World.

    3. The Urban Form: Past, Present and Future.

    4. Role of Urban Planner; Geographers as Planners

    5. Urbanization and Development in South Asia

  2. Contemporary Urban Issues and Areas of Basic Studies for Urban Planning.

    1. Major Issues or Problem in Urban Areas.

    2. Environmental and Infrastructural Issues.

    3. Land Use Patterns.

    4. Road Patterns and Transportation System, Traffic Management, Rural-urban linkage

    5. Population Pattern and Social Problems

    1. Informal Settlement, Informal Sector Economy

    1. Urban Poverty.

    2. Role of secondary cities.

  1. Urban Plans and Its Implementation.

    1. The Planning Process and Peoples’ Participation in Planning.

    2. Elements of Strategy Planning and Master Plans.

    3. Neighbourhood Plans or Local Area Plans.

    4. Urban Renewal, Upgrading and Regeneration.

    5. Gentrification, New Towns, Satellite Towns and Urban fringe, Compact Township.

    6. Elements of Planning Standards, Zoning, Density Control and Building Codes.

  1. Urban Planning, Development and Governance in Bangladesh.

    1. The Status of Urban Planning, Development, Management and Governance in Bangladesh.

    2. Institutional Aspect of Urban Planning, Development and Management.

    3. Legal Aspects of Urban Planning.

    4. Urbanization Policy and Strategy in Bangladesh.


Suggested Readings

Chapin, F. S., 1965. Urban land Use Planning, University of Illinois.

Islam (ed.), 2001.Urbanization, Urban planning, Development and Governance, CUS.

Rangwala, R., and Patel, R.C. 1980. Town Planning, India, Charutar Books Stall

Rahman, G., 2004. Town Planning and the Political Culture of Planning in Bangladesh, AHDP, Dhaka.

Islam, N., (ed.), 1994.Urban Research in Bangladesh, Dhaka: CUS.

Islam, N. and (ed.), 2001. Urban Governance in Bangladesh and Pakistan, Dhaka: CUS.



GEO-5213: Disaster Risk Reduction Analysis Total Marks-100  Credit-3


  1. Concepts of disaster risk reduction: Principle of disaster risk reduction, Tools and Techniques, Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction, Hazard identification and hazards specific risk identification, risk and vulnerability from a disaster, Disaster risk reduction activities and for sustainable development planning.

  2. Disaster risk reduction approaches and frameworks: Risk reduction models, strategies in different sectors, climate change mitigation and adaptation option.

  3. Mainstreaming and institutionalizing disaster risk reduction: Indicator of Institutionalization, Mainstreaming risk reduction in different sectors.

  4. Mitigation: Mitigation approaches, Structural mitigation and non-structural mitigation for all hazards e.g earthquake, landslide, flood, cyclone, tornado, drought.

  5. Managing the risk environment: Risk element and event modification through environmental control and land use planning, reducing the loss- hazard resistance design & retrofitting.

  6. Risk treatment: Choice of risk treatment options, accepting the loss, sharing the loss-disaster aid, disaster financing, insurance;

  7. Choosing technologies for risk reduction: Technology choice context, application and use, housing improvement in Bangladesh, failure to adopt risk reduction technologies.

  8. Risk reduction after disaster: risk reduction in relief, rehabilitation and development activities, features of development relief, rebuilding livelihood after disaster, public works.

  9. Risk reduction initiative of Government of Bangladesh: Safety net programme, cash for work, food for work, 100 day work programme, test relief and other risk reduction programme in Bangladesh.

  10. Community level risk reduction: value of community level work, operational issue and challenges, mobilizing community, community action planning, key features of local level risk reduction. Household risks reduction measures.


Suggested Readings

Aysan, Y. 1993. “Vulnerability Assessment” in Merriman, P. and Browitt, C.W.A. (eds) Natural Disasters: Protecting Vulnerable Communities. London, Thomas Telford.

Blakie, P. et al 1994. At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters. London, Routledge.

Disaster Risk Reduction 2004. The Commonwealth of Learning: School of Business, Bangladesh Open University.

Disaster Management 2004. The Commonwealth of Learning: School of Business, Bangladesh Open University.

Iyengar, R.N. 1997. Natural Hazards in the Urban Habitat. Tata McGraw-Hall Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.

Organization of American States 1990. Disaster, Planning and Development: Managing Natural Hazards to Reduce Loss. Washington DC, USAID.

UNDP 2004. Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development. New York, UNDP.





GEO-5214 Environmental Law and Ethics Total Marks-100  Credit-3


1. Introduction to environmental laws, protocols and ethics: Societal requirement for sustainable environmental safeguard.

2.Some major global environmental protection laws (especially, air and water acts and rules, the Agenda 21 adopted at the UNO, 1992, Kyoto Protocol, Rio Declaration etc.).

3. Relationship of environmental laws to ethics and ethical issues in environment.

4. Teleological aspects of environmental ethics in major religions (selected examples).

5. Role of classical and contemporary ethical theories (i.e. Anthropocentric and Non-anthropocentric moral theories) related to protection from environmental degradation at local and global levels.

6. Environmental law regime in Bangladesh, constitutional provision, role of BELA in the legal activism in Bangladesh, Bangladesh position on ICTPs; ECA 1995, ECR 1997, EC 2000 and other recent laws.

7. Sectoral environmental legislation’s in Bangladesh: laws regarding Biodiversity conservation, Forestry, Fishery, Mineral exploration, Groundwater management etc.



Suggested Readings

Mohanty, S.K. (1999). Environment and Pollution Law Manual. New Delhi: Universal Law Publ. Co.

Pojman, P.I. (2000). Global Environmental Ethics. New York: Mayfield Publ. Co.

Rolston, H. (1998). Environmental Ethics. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press.

Singh, (1996). Environmental Policy and Tribal Modernization. New Delhi: Anmol.


GEOL-5215: Pract-3: Advanced Digital Image Processing 

Mark - 100 Credit -3


  1. Digital image pre-processing and rectification.

    1. Sources and Correction Radiometric Distortion.

    2. Sources and Correction Geometric Distortion.

    3. Image Registration.

    4. Miscellaneous Image Geometry Operations.

  2. The Interpretation of Digital Image Data.

    1. Approaches to Interpretation.

    2. Forms of Imagery for Photointerpretation.

    3. Computer Processing for Photointerpretation.

    4. An introduction to Quantitative Analysis – Classification.

    5. Quantitative Analysis by Pattern Recognition.

      1. Pixel Vectors and Labelling.

      2. Unsupervised Classification.

      3. Supervised Classification.

  3. Radiometric Enhancement Techniques.

    1. The Image Histogram.

    2. Contrast Modification in Image Data.

    3. Histogram Equalization.

    4. Histogram Matching.

    5. Density Slicing.

  4. Geometric Enhancement Using Image Domain Techniques.

    1. Neighbourhood Operations.

    2. Template Operators.

    3. Geometric Enhancement as a Convolution Operation.

    4. Image Domain versus Fourier Transformation Approaches.

    5. Image Smoothing (Low Pass Filtering).

    6. Edge Detection and Enhancement.

    7. Linear Edge Detecting Templates.

    8. Line Detection.

    9. General Convolution Filtering.

    10. Detecting Geometric Properties.

  5. Multispectral Transformations of Image Data.

Suggesting Readings


Anon., 2000. Erdas Imagine Tour Guides. 8th ed. Atlanta: Leica Geosystems.

Richards John A. and Xiuping Jia., 2005, Remote Sensing Digital Image Analysis , 4th ed. Berlin: Springer.

McCoy, R.M. 2005. Field Methods in Remote Sensing. New York: The Guilford Press.

Campbell, J.B. 1987. Introduction to Remote Sensing. New York: The Guilford Press.


GEOL-5216: Research Report    

Mark-100           Credit-3


The aim of writing a research report is to provide students of non-thesis group with an opportunity to pursue a research work under faculty supervision. By the end of semester the students will submit their complete research report to the chairman of the examination committee.


GEOL-5217: Thesis (Report)          

Total Mark-150          Credit-4


A thesis student will get opportunity to apply their theoretical and practical knowledge in conducting thesis work. By the end of second semester they will complete the specified research work on the particular topic. Students will submit five copies of their theses to the chairman of the examination committee.



GEOV-5219: Thesis Defence (Oral) Mark-50          Credit-2



GEOV-5220- General Viva   Mark-50           Credit-2


All students from both Thesis and Non-thesis group must participate in General Viva.